Tag Archives | cross country skiing

The History of Skiing

Skiing is a sport that involves traveling over snow with the use of skis. The history of skiing is believed to go back at least eight millennia, all the way back to 6000 B.C. In the Xinjiang region of what is now China, there were wall paintings found that depicted the use of skis. These wall paintings are believed to be about 5,000 years old.

Skiing as Transportation

In the United States, around 1836, Norwegian immigrants used skis, which were called Norwegian snowshoes. A Norwegian immigrant referred to as “Snowshoe Thompson” traveled by skiing across the Sierra Nevada between California and Nevada to deliver mail in 1856. In 1888, a Norwegian explorer by the name of Fridtjof Nansen, along with his team crossed the Greenland icecap while on skis.

Skiing as a Sport

Skiing as a sport originated in Norway and Sweden with organized skiing exercises and races used in the military. These exercises included skiing downhill in rough terrain, as well as cross-country skiing with military gear, and skiing downhill while performing target practice. In 1843, the first public skiing competition was held in Norway. It was the first skiing competition that was recorded in a newspaper.

In 1905, the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association was founded in the United States. Then in 1924, the International Ski Federation was formed. In the same year, the first Winter Olympics was held.

Skiing as Recreation

In 1849, the first public ski tour was formed in Norway. Once travel by train became commonplace, mountain resorts began popping up in 1868 and many people living in cities were able to visit these areas on vacation. In Sun Valley, Idaho, the first chair lift was introduced in 1936.

Now that you know all about the history of skiing, come visit Telluride Adventures in Telluride, Colorado to participate in a skiing adventure.

Cross-Country Skiing

Cross-country skiing involves skiers relying on their own locomotion in order to ski across snow-covered terrains.  For cross-country skiing, there are no ski lifts or other types of assistance used.  Cross-country skiing is both a recreational activity and a sport, as well as a means of transportation.

Modern Cross-Country Skiing

Modern cross-country skiing is very much like the original form of skiing.  To partake in cross-country skiing, skiers propel themselves by striding forward in the classic style or by skate skiing, which is moving in a skating motion from side to side by using their arms to push on ski poles in the snow.  This type of skiing is typically practiced in areas with snow-covered landscapes.  Some areas where cross-country skiing is popular include Canada, Russia, Northern Europe, and certain regions in the United States, including Telluride, Colorado.

Competitive Cross-Country Skiing

Cross-country skiing is also a competitive sport.  It is one of the Nordic skiing sports.  Cross-country skiing is one of the two components of the biathlon, with the other component being rifle marksmanship.  Additionally, ski-orienteering is another type of cross-country skiing.  Ski-orienting involves map navigation while skiing along tracks and snow trails.

Recreational Cross-Country Skiing

At resorts or parklands, adventurers can participate in recreational cross-country skiing.  Some forms of recreational cross-country skiing include groomed-trail skiing and ski touring.  This type of recreation is accessible for people with mobility and vision impairments.  Another form of cross-country skiing recreation involves dog skijoring.  Dog skijoring is a winter sport where the skier is assisted by dogs.

Another form of recreational cross-country skiing is ski touring.  Ski touring is typically available at ski resorts.  Contact Telluride Adventures if you will be in the Telluride, Colorado area and have an interest in cross-country skiing.  There are different ski tours available, so book yours today!